The artificial insemination is an assisted reproduction technique which consists out of the introduction of the sperm cells, which have been previously processed in the laboratory, into the uterine cavity ahead of the next ovulation.
The artificial insemination can be done during the natural cycle or after a stimulation of the ovaries which would need hormones.
The pregnancy rate is in the stimulated cycles significantly higher than in the spontaneous ones.
The results depend mostly on the woman’s age and the reason which have made her undergo this treatment. Therefore we should make ahead of it an analyse which helps us to make the diagnosis.
The process of the ovarian stimulation is controlled by the means of a transvaginal ultrasound which informs about the number and size of the evoluted foliculars.
The sperm will be manipulated in the laboratory for separating the seminal plasma, choosing the fastest sperms, concentrate them in a little volume and stimulate their fertilising capacity. This process is called capacitation.
The sperm can be from the patient’s couple, in this case an IAC, or from an anonymous donor, in this case an IAD.